A Quick Look at Digestion

The Holiday Season is fast approaching which means you will be eating a LOT of food. Have you ever wondered what goes on inside our body as it breaks down food? Keep reading to learn all about The Microbe Ecosystem in the Gut.

The process of digestion is the breaking down the food we consume into useful nutrients that can be absorbed into the body and used for cell repair, energy, and growth. Digestion starts in the mouth with the help of the enzyme present in the saliva and then continues through the digestive tract ending at the anus.

However, all of these processes would be impossible with the trillions of bacteria present in the large intestine and parts of the small intestines known as gut flora.  Bacteria are commonly misinterpreted as harmful organisms that cause sickness and loss of health. However, there are healthy bacteria as well, without which the human body would not be able to survive.

What are the functions of the microbial ecosystem?
The bacteria present in the intestines have several integral roles that help the human body function efficiently. For instance, the gut bacteria produce vitamins B12 and K which are responsible for various bodily functions. They also control the growth of any harmful bacteria and also protect the body by breaking down poisons in the large intestine. Some other important functions they perform are mentioned below.

        They help in digestion and absorption of nutrients from the food we consume. They break down complex compounds like carbohydrates, fat, and protein into simpler substances that the body can absorb easily.
        Gut bacteria also normalize bowel movements and acidify the colon. Thereby making the environment, not in favor of harmful pathogens such as the gas causing bacteria. The bacteria also facilitate muscle contractions by transmitting nerve impulses and help bowel motility.
        Gut bacteria sweeten your breath and eliminate the formation of gas. Excessive gas accompanied by bloating is an issue faced by a majority of the population. This is caused due to improper digestion of food and the growth of harmful bacteria. The same trouble can manifest as foul breath as well. Presence of a healthy balance of gut flora will prevent the formation of gas and unpleasant odors by keeping the environment within your stomach alkaline and unhealthy for pathogenic bacteria.
        Dairy products can be digested properly due to the presence of gut flora. Lactase is the enzyme required to break down lactose, contained in dairy products. The lactobacillus species of bacteria are the producers of lactase.

However, due to several factors such as an imbalanced diet, exposure to pesticides and other harmful chemicals, certain medicines, and toxic environments, tend to harm the ecosystem in the gut. If an individual tends to get tired all the time, experiences frequent spells of stomach sickness or feels low on energy, it might be time to provide your gut with a cleanse. This article  - https://clickhowto.com/precious-ecosystem-guts-replenish/ -can help with tips and methods to help you replenish and the microbial ecosystem in the gut and cleanse your gut. 
How to prevent damage to the microbial ecosystem in the intestines?
Since the human body is made of ninety percent of non-human microbial cells, the saying- “we are what we eat” stands to be entirely true. Choosing a healthy diet can help you maintain a healthy gut after you have gone through with a gut cleanse. Here are some foods that should be included in your diet to help the process of staying healthy.

        Bananas: Bananas are a superfood that reduces inflammation and restores the health of the bacterial community. High levels of potassium and magnesium present are the reason for this.
        Beans: All legumes help the release of SCFA, which is a short chain fatty acid that improves digestive health by increasing absorption of micronutrients, and strengthen the intestine cells. Beans also help in a weight loss journey due to this factor. They contain high percentages of fiber, protein, folate and vitamin B, which contribute to digestive health.
        Fermented foods such as tempeh and miso: Foods such as tempeh and miso tend to fill the intestines with healthy microorganisms which will in turn crowd out unhealthy bacteria, hence improving digestive health. They also improve the absorption of minerals in the intestines.
        Green vegetables such as broccoli, kale, cabbage, and cauliflower: Green vegetables contain metabolites that contain sulfur, which is broken by microbes to produce substances that soothe inflammations and reduce the risk of digestive cancer. These organisms latch onto harmful pathogens and expel them.
        Blueberries: This fruit can modify the microbiota and hence enhance the immunity function. The pigment anthocyanin gives the eye catchy color to this berry. The vitamins and fiber present in this berry clouts it as a superfood. They also have various other health benefits such as helping in improving your memory.

Reducing exposure to toxic environments, consuming fruits after thorough washing, and consumption of the right food can all help keep the microbe ecosystem healthy.

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